Areas of Physics - Scientific Method

SI Units (Systeme International) - Metric Prefixes

Why Change to Metric?

Accuracy (what is the likely error?) vs Precision (to what decimal place?)

Significant Figures, Rounding Off, SI Units

Mathematics = Language of Physics

Delta Notation: change in a variable (time or position or velocity or...)

**Chapter 2 - Kinematics - Position, Velocity, Acceleration**

Quick Notes (no acceleration)

Position vs Displacement vs Distance Traveled vs Distance from A to B

Average Velocity vs Average Speed

Instantaneous Velocity vs Instantaneous Speed

Quick Notes (with acceleration)

(Complete) Kinematics Notes (1-Dimension)

Constant Acceleration Notes

Constant Acceleration - Quick Notes

Law of Falling Bodies - Galileo

Vectors & Right Triangle Trigonometry

Vector - Quick Note

Vectors - Complete Notes

Vectors - Okay, one more page!

Projectile Motion - Quick Notes

Relative Motion(Velocity)

I. Law of Inertia - II. Force Law (F=ma) - III. Action-Reaction Law

Newton's Laws - Quick Notes
Equilibrium (static vs constant velocity)

Weight (**w** = force of gravity) vs Mass (**m** = inertia opposes acceleration

Static (at rest) vs Kinetic (sliding object) Friction (parallel to a surface)

Coefficients of Friction

Normal Force (** N** = contact force - perpendicular to a surface)

Tension (

*Spring Force and Hooke's Law (variable force)

Illustrated Examples 1

Illustrated Examples 2

Inclined Plane Theorem

Air Resistance

Work & Energy - Quick Notes

Work is the transfer of mechanical energy (ME or E) to an object

Work = Force X Distance

K or KE = Kinetic Energy (motional)

Work-Energy Theorem

U or PE = potential energy

U_{g} or GPE or PE_{g} = gravitational potential energy

U_{e} or PE_{e} = elastic (*spring) potential energy

Conservation of Energy (including heat)

vs Conservation of Mechanical Energy

P = Power = rate of energy transfer (work rate)

**Chapter 6 - Momentum & Collisions**

Impulse & Momentum - Quick Notes

J = Impulse = Force X time

p = momentum = mass X velocity

Impulse-Momentum Theorem

Conservation of Momentum

Elastic vs Inelastic Collisions vs Semi-elastic (most all collisions)

**Chapter 7 - Rotational Kinematics and Circular Motion**

Angles in Degrees vs Radians

Rotational(Angular) Kinematics

Greek letters! theta, omega(lower case), alpha(lower case)

Conservation of Momentum

Linear vs Angular Quantities

Centripetal(radially inward) vs Centrifugal(fake radially outward) Forces

Tangential vs Centripetal Acceleration

Newton's Universal Law of Gravity

Gravity & Kepler's Laws - Quick Notes

**Chapter 8 - Rotational Dynamics & Torque**

another Greek letter! tau = Torque = Force X lever arm

I = Rotational Inertia (moment of inertia)

Center of Mass (vs center of gravity)

Rotational Equilibrium

L = Angular Momentum (conservation?)

K_{rot} = Rotational Kinetic Energy

Simple Machines

**Chapter 17 - Electric Forces & Fields**

q = Electric Charge in coulombs(C)

e = elementary unit of charge = 1.60 X 10^{-19}C

Conductors vs Insulators

Charging by Induction

Coulomb's (Electric) Force Law (another inverse-square law)

Electric Field (another E) - force per unit charge = E = F/q

Eelctric Field Lines

**Chapter 18 - Electric Potential Energy**

U_{electric} = EPE = PE_{electric} = Electric Potential Energy

vs V = Electric Potential = potential enegy per unit charge = V = U/q

Potential Difference = delta-V = V_{f} - V_{i}

Capacitance (another capital 'C'!) - ability to hold charge

**Chapter 19 - Electric Current - Ohm's Law**

I = current (flow rate of charge per unit time) in amperes (A)

R = resistance (proportionality constant) in ohms (capital omega)

V = voltage or potential difference in volts (V)

VI = P = electric power in watts(W)

*Electric Shock & Safety Issues (also p.813)

**Chapter 20 - Electric Circuits**

Schematic Diagrams

Series and Parallel Circuits

Combination Circuits

**Chapter 21 - Magnets & Magnetic Fields**

Magnetic Materials and Fields

Electromagnetism & Solenoids

Magnetic Force on an electric charge?

Magnetic Force on a current-carrying wire

Speakers & Galvanometers

**Chapter 22 - Electromagnetic Induction & AC**

Faraday's Law of Induction

Alternating Current

Electric Motors & Generators

Transformers & Inductance

*Thomas Edison vs Nicola Tesla (DC vs AC)

**Chapter 9 - Fluid Mechanics**

Mass Density = mass/volume
Buoyancy Force - Archimedes Principle

Pressure = P = force/area

Fluid Pressure and atmospheric pressure

Bernoulli's Principle

Ideal Gas Law

**Chapter 10 - Heat**

Temperature - proportional to the average KE of the atoms & molecules

Q = heat with energy units, joules (J)

Specific Heat

Latent Heat and Phase Changes

Heat Transfer - conduction, convection, radiation

**Chapter 11 - Thermodynamics**

Heat, Work, Internal Energy

Work = pressure X volume change

isovolumetric, isothermal, isobaric

adiabatic process - no transfer of heat to or from the system

Laws of Thermodynamics

Heat Engines & Entropy

**Chapter 12 - Vibrations and Waves**

Simple Harmonic Motion - Quick Notes

Spring-mass systems & the Simple Pendulum

Wave Properties

**Chapter 13 - Sound**

wave speed, frequency(pitch), wavelength

Doppler Effect

Resonance & Harmonics

Magnetic Force on a current-carrying wire

Speakers & Galvanometers

**Chapter 14 - Reflection of Light & EM Radiation**

Geometric Optics - Mirrors

Color & Polarization

**Chapter 15 - Refraction of Light**

Geometric Optics - Lens

Snell's Law of Refraction

Total Internal Reflection & Fiber Optics

**Chapter 16 - Interference & Diffraction of Light**

Constructive & Destructive Interference

Diffraction (bending around)

Wave Properties

**Chapter 23 - Atomic Physics**

Energy of a light quantum + Planck's constant

Einstein's photoelectric effect

Bohr Model of the Hydrogen Atom & spectral lines

Wave-Particle Duality of Light

Heisenberg Uncertainty Principle

Electron Cloud

**Chapter 24 - Modern Electronics**

semiconductors, diodes, transistors

superconductors

**Chapter 25 - Subatomic Physics**

A = Z + N

A = mass number (protons + neutrons)

Z = atomic number (protons)

N = neutron number (neutrons)

E = mc^{2} and binding energy

isotopes and radioactive decay

Fundamental Forces

Quarks and more!